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Ann Surg. 2008 Apr;247(4):694-8. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181638627.

Surgical outcome in biliary atresia: etiology affects the influence of age at surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Surgery, King's College Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Markdav2@ntlworld.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The exact nature of the relationship between age at Kasai portoenterostomy (KP) for biliary atresia (BA) and outcome is controversial.

METHODS:

Single-center retrospective analysis of consecutive cases (January 1994-December 2005) undergoing KP, using 2 dichotomous measures of outcome (clearance of jaundice to <20 micromol/L and native liver survival at 2 years post-KP). Outcome was analyzed by age cohort (<30 days, 30-40 days, etc) and cumulatively. Data are quoted as median (interquartile range). Statistical analysis was by extended Fisher r x c analysis. P < 0.05 was regarded as significant.

RESULTS:

Two hundred twenty-five infants with BA were divided into 3 groups based on possible etiology: isolated BA (n = 177), biliary atresia splenic malformation (BASM) syndrome (n = 28), and cystic BA (n = 23). Three infants had both BASM and a cyst. Age at KP was significantly greater in those with isolated BA [58 (48-61)] compared with both BASM [47 (39-59); P = 0.02] and cystic BA [47 (39-54); P = 0.02]. Overall, 127 (56%) cleared their jaundice and 145 (65%) survived to 2 years with their native liver. Children with isolated BA showed no statistical difference by age cohort for clearance of jaundice (P = 0.75) or for native liver survival (P = 0.14). In contrast, there was a marked detrimental effect of age at KP for both BASM and cystic BA groups (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSION:

There is a marked detrimental effect of age at KP on groups with a presumed "developmental" origin, not seen in the majority with isolated BA.

PMID:
18362634
DOI:
10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181638627
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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