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Jpn J Infect Dis. 2008 Mar;61(2):107-10.

The emergence of mupirocin resistance among clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Trinidad: a first report.

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1
Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Unit of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. drfao4301@yahoo.com

Abstract

The objective of the study was to investigate the trend of mupirocin resistance among methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Trinidad. No premarketing susceptibility surveillance was ever done following the introduction of mupirocin in 1986. A total of 188 MRSA strains recovered over a 2-year period from various body sites were tested for mupirocin resistance via the disc diffusion method. The major sources of MRSA were surgical site infections (74.0%) and bloodstream infections (8.0%). High-level and low-level mupirocin resistance were detected in 26.1 and 44.1% of MRSA stains, respectively. Resistances to other non-beta-lactam antibiotics were also high. Ninety-eight percent of all MRSA were resistant to erythromycin. This was followed by resistance rates of 96.8, 95.2, 94.1, 93.6, and 93.1%, for gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, amikacin and tobramycin, co-trimoxazole, and tetracycline, respectively. No MRSA strains were found to be resistant to vancomycin, linezolid, and quinupristin-dalfopristin. The study showed that mupirocin resistance among Trinidadian MRSA strains was relatively high compared to that seen in other countries. Because of the increasing prevalence of MRSA at the San Fernando General Hospital (SFGH) and the apparently increasing resistance to mupirocin, frequent monitoring of MRSA susceptibility patterns and infection control initiatives may be helpful in reducing the incidence of MRSA with a concomitant decrease in mupirocin resistance. This report is the first after 20 years of continuous use of the drug at the SFGH.

PMID:
18362397
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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