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FASEB J. 2008 Aug;22(8):2758-67. doi: 10.1096/fj.07-103929. Epub 2008 Mar 24.

Minute dosages of alpha(nu)beta3-targeted fumagillin nanoparticles impair Vx-2 tumor angiogenesis and development in rabbits.

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Washington University Medical School, Campus Box 8215, 4320 Forest Park Ave., St. Louis, MO 63108, USA.


Fumagillin suppresses angiogenesis in cancer models and clinical trials, but it is associated with neurotoxicity at systemic doses. In this study, alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted fumagillin nanoparticles were used to suppress the neovasculature and inhibit Vx-2 adenocarcinoma development using minute drug doses. Tumor-bearing rabbits were treated on days 6, 9, and 12 postimplantation with alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted fumagillin nanoparticles (30 microg/kg), alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted nanoparticles without drug, nontargeted fumagillin nanoparticles (30 microg/kg) or saline. On day 16, MRI was performed with alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles to quantify tumor size and assess neovascularity. Tumor volume was reduced among rabbits receiving alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted fumagillin nanoparticles (470+/-120 mm(3)) compared with the three control groups: nontargeted fumagillin nanoparticles (1370+/-300 mm(3), P<0.05), alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted nanoparticles without drug (1080+/-180 mm(3), P<0.05) and saline (980+/-80 mm(3), P<0.05). MR molecular imaging of control rabbits (no fumagillin) revealed a predominant peripheral distribution of neovascularity representing 7.2% of the tumor rim volume, which decreased to 2.8% (P<0.05) with alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted fumagillin nanoparticle treatment. Microscopically, the tumor parenchyma tended to show T-cell infiltration after targeted fumagillin treatment, which was not appreciated in control animals. These results suggest that alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted fumagillin nanoparticles could provide a safe and effective means to deliver MetAP2 inhibitors alone or in combination with cytotoxic or immunotherapy.

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