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Psychol Aging. 2008 Mar;23(1):131-53. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.23.1.131.

Self-regulated reading in adulthood.

Author information

1
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana--Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA. eals@uiuc.edu

Abstract

Young and older adults read a series of passages of 3 different genres for an immediate assessment of text memory (measured by recall and true/false questions). Word-by-word reading times were measured and decomposed into components reflecting resource allocation to particular linguistic processes using regression. Allocation to word and textbase processes showed some consistency across the 3 text types and was predictive of memory performance. Older adults allocated more time to word and textbase processes than the young adults did but showed enhanced contextual facilitation. Structural equation modeling showed that greater resource allocation to word processes was required among readers with relatively low working memory spans and poorer verbal ability and that greater resource allocation to textbase processes was engendered by higher verbal ability. Results are discussed in terms of a model of self-regulated language processing suggesting that older readers may compensate for processing deficiencies through greater reliance on discourse context and on increases in resource allocation that are enabled through growth in crystallized ability.

PMID:
18361662
PMCID:
PMC2577171
DOI:
10.1037/0882-7974.23.1.131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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