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Appl Opt. 2001 Aug 1;40(22):3698-702.

Refractive sapphire microlenses fabricated by chlorine-based inductively coupled plasma etching.

Abstract

We have fabricated refractive sapphire microlenses and characterized their properties for what we believe to be the first time. We use thermally reflown photoresist lenslet patterns as a mask for chlorine-based dry etch of sapphire. Pattern transfer to the mechanically hard and chemically inert sapphire substrate is made possible by an inductively coupled plasma etch system that supplies a high-density plasma gas. Processed sapphire microlenses exhibit properties close to the ideal and operate nearly in the diffraction limit.

PMID:
18360401
DOI:
10.1364/ao.40.003698

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