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Hypertens Res. 2008 Jan;31(1):127-33. doi: 10.1291/hypres.31.127.

Chronic insulin infusion normalizes blood pressure and the gene expressions of angiotensin II type 1 receptor in fructose-fed rats.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


It remains open to debate whether hyperinsulinemia leads to the development of hypertension. We addressed this issue by investigating the effect of chronic insulin infusion on blood pressure and related parameters in hypertensive fructose-fed rats. Rats were given either normal chow or a fructose-rich diet, and insulin or saline was infused through mini-pumps in the same animals for 14 days. The chronic insulin infusion exerted no effect on the blood pressure of the chow-fed rats. Fructose feeding increased the blood pressure and levels of insulin, triglyceride and fatty acid. Insulin infusion augmented the hyperinsulinemia but normalized the blood pressure and plasma lipids. Plasma angiotensin II was elevated in the fructose-fed rats, while insulin infusion left it unchanged. The expression of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) mRNA was doubled in both the aorta and epididymal fat of the fructose-fed rats, while that of angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R) was unaltered. Insulin infusion completely rectified the over-expression of the AT1R gene. Our findings indicate that chronic insulin infusion exacerbates hyperinsulinemia while normalizing blood pressure and the gene expressions of AT1R in insulin-resistant fructose-fed rats, suggesting that endogenous hyperinsulinemia caused by insulin resistance is associated with the development of hypertension, whereas exogenous hyperinsulinemia attenuates hypertension probably due to amelioration of insulin resistance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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