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J Biotechnol. 2008 Apr 30;134(3-4):246-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2008.02.003. Epub 2008 Feb 15.

Role of xylose transporters in xylitol production from engineered Escherichia coli.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.


Escherichia coli W3110 was previously engineered to co-utilize glucose and xylose by replacing the wild-type crp gene with a crp* mutant encoding a cAMP-independent CRP variant (Cirino et al., 2006 [Cirino, P.C., Chin, J.W., Ingram, L.O., 2006. Engineering Escherichia coli for xylitol production from glucose-xylose mixtures. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 95, 1167-1176.]). Subsequent deletion of the xylB gene (encoding xylulokinase) and expression of xylose reductase from Candida boidinii (CbXR) resulted in a strain which produces xylitol from glucose-xylose mixtures. In this study we examine the contributions of the native E. coli xylose transporters (the d-xylose/proton symporter XylE and the d-xylose ABC transporter XylFGH) and CRP* to xylitol production in the presence of glucose and xylose. The final batch xylitol titer with strain PC09 (Delta xylB and crp*) is reduced by 40% upon deletion of xylG and by 60% upon deletion of both xyl transporters. Xylitol production by the wild-type strain (W3110) expressing CbXR is not reduced when xylE and xylG are deleted, demonstrating tight regulation of the xylose transporters by CRP and revealing significant secondary xylose transport. Finally, plasmid expression of XylE or XylFGH with CbXR in PC07 (Delta xylB and wild-type crp) growing on glucose results in xylitol titers similar to that achieved with PC09 and provides an alternative strategy to the use of CRP*.

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