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J Reprod Med. 2008 Feb;53(2):141-4.

Postmenopausal hyperandrogenism caused by a benign cystic teratoma: a case report.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saint Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.



Mature, benign cystic teratomas of the ovary are common in reproductive-age women, but they are very rarely associated with androgen production and subsequent development of hirsutism or virilization. We describe a case of postmenopausal hirsutism and hyperandrogenism caused by a mature cystic teratoma as well as the 7 previously reported cases.


A 55-year-old, postmenopausal woman presented with hirsutism and unilateral lower extremity edema. Pelvic ultrasound showed a complex cystic mass in the left ovary measuring 6.0 x 7.0 x 10 cm, and laboratory evaluations revealed progressively increasing testosterone levels. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, with resection of a large, complex mass originating in the left ovary. The pathology department found 2 left, mature ovarian cystic teratomas containing a layer of Leydig cells. Postoperatively the patient experienced rapid normalization of the elevated testosterone level.


Although rare, ovarian production of androgens resulting in hirsutism or virilization can occur with a hormonally active mature cystic teratoma.

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