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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 May;16(5):1144-7. doi: 10.1038/oby.2008.44. Epub 2008 Mar 6.

Ten-year changes in central obesity and BMI in rural and urban Cameroon.

Author information

1
Health of Population in Transition Research Group, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. fezeu@vjf.inserm.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the 10-year changes in the distribution of adiposity in rural and urban Cameroonian populations.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

Two cross-sectional surveys of populations in the same rural and urban areas of Cameroon, aged>or=24 years, were carried out in 1994 (1,762 subjects) and 2003 (1,398 subjects) using similar methodology. All eligible subjects answered a structured questionnaire on their educational level, alcohol consumption, and tobacco smoking and weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) were measured.

RESULTS:

Between 1994 and 2003, the age-standardized prevalence of BMI>or=25 kg/m2 increased significantly only in the rural area (+54% for women and +82% for men), while the age-standardized prevalence of central obesity (WC>or=80 cm (women), >or=94 cm (men)) increased significantly only in the urban population (+32% for women and +190% for men). These differences persisted after adjustments for age group, alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking, and level of education, and within almost all the strata of the studied risk factors.

DISCUSSION:

Changes in adiposity over time in Cameroon were characterized by an increase of BMI in the rural area and of WC in the urban area.

PMID:
18356839
DOI:
10.1038/oby.2008.44
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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