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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2008 May;110(1-2):30-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2007.09.024. Epub 2008 Feb 14.

Elimination kinetic of 17beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17beta-nandrolone laureate ester metabolites in calves' urine.

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Laboratoire d'Etude des Résidus et Contaminants dans les Aliments, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes, Route de Gachet, BP 50707, 44307 Nantes cedex 3, France.


Efficient control of the illegal use of anabolic steroids must both take into account metabolic patterns and associated kinetics of elimination; in this context, an extensive animal experiment involving 24 calves and consisting of three administrations of 17beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17beta-nandrolone laureate esters was carried out over 50 days. Urine samples were regularly collected during the experiment from all treated and non-treated calves. For sample preparation, a single step high throughput protocol based on 96-well C(18) SPE was developed and validated according to the European Decision 2002/657/EC requirements. Decision limits (CCalpha) for steroids were below 0.1 microg L(-1), except for 19-norandrosterone (CCalpha=0.7 microg L(-1)) and estrone (CCalpha=0.3 microg L(-1)). Kinetics of elimination of the administered 17beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17beta-nandrolone laureate were established by monitoring 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-estradiol, estrone and 17beta-nandrolone, 17alpha-nandrolone, 19-noretiocholanolone, 19-norandrostenedione, respectively. All animals demonstrated homogeneous patterns of elimination both from a qualitative (metabolite profile) and quantitative point of view (elimination kinetics in urine). Most abundant metabolites were 17alpha-estradiol and 17alpha-nandrolone (>20 and 2 mg L(-1), respectively after 17beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17beta-nandrolone laureate administration) whereas 17beta-estradiol, estrone, 17beta-nandrolone, 19-noretiocholanolone and 19-norandrostenedione were found as secondary metabolites at concentration values up to the microg L(-1) level. No significant difference was observed between male and female animals. The effect of several consecutive injections on elimination profiles was studied and revealed a tendency toward a decrease in the biotransformation of administered steroid 17beta form.

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