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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2008 Apr 1;18(7):2267-71. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.03.012. Epub 2008 Mar 7.

Investigations of the esterase, phosphatase, and sulfatase activities of the cytosolic mammalian carbonic anhydrase isoforms I, II, and XIII with 4-nitrophenyl esters as substrates.

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Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Laboratorio di Chimica Bioinorganica, Rm. 188, Via della Lastruccia 3, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy.


The esterase, phosphatase, and sulfatase activities of carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC isozymes, CA I, II, and XIII with 4-nitrophenyl esters as substrates was investigated. These enzymes show esterase activity with 4-nitrophenyl acetate as substrate, with second order rate constants in the range of 753-7706M(-1)s(-1), being less effective as phosphatases (k(cat)/K(M) in the range of 14.89-1374.40M(-1)s(-1)) and totally ineffective sulfatases. The esterase/phosphatase activities were inhibited by sulfonamide CA inhibitors, proving that the zinc-hydroxide mechanism responsible for the CO(2) hydrase activities of CAs is also responsible for their esterase/phosphatase activity. CA XIII was the most effective esterase and phosphatase. CA XIII might catalyze other physiological reactions than CO(2) hydration, based on its relevant phosphatase activity.

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