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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Feb 29;100(8):087401. Epub 2008 Feb 25.

High-energy limit of massless Dirac fermions in multilayer graphene using magneto-optical transmission spectroscopy.

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Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory, CNRS, 38042 Grenoble, France.


We have investigated the absorption spectrum of multilayer graphene in high magnetic fields. The low-energy part of the spectrum of electrons in graphene is well described by the relativistic Dirac equation with a linear dispersion relation. However, at higher energies (>500 meV) a deviation from the ideal behavior of Dirac particles is observed. At an energy of 1.25 eV, the deviation from linearity is approximately 40 meV. This result is in good agreement with the theoretical model, which includes trigonal warping of the Fermi surface and higher-order band corrections. Polarization-resolved measurements show no observable electron-hole asymmetry.

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