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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Feb 15;100(6):067601. Epub 2008 Feb 11.

Dynamic nuclear polarization with single electron spins.

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Department of Physics, Harvard University, 17 Oxford St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.


We polarize nuclear spins in a GaAs double quantum dot by controlling two-electron spin states near the anticrossing of the singlet (S) and m(S)= +1 triplet (T+) using pulsed gates. An initialized S state is cyclically brought into resonance with the T+ state, where hyperfine fields drive rapid rotations between S and T+, "flipping" an electron spin and "flopping" a nuclear spin. The resulting Overhauser field approaches 80 mT, in agreement with a simple rate-equation model. A self-limiting pulse sequence is developed that allows the steady-state nuclear polarization to be set using a gate voltage.

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