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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Mar 14;100(10):103004. Epub 2008 Mar 13.

Population transfer between two quantum states by piecewise chirping of femtosecond pulses: theory and experiment.

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Department of Physics, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


We propose and experimentally demonstrate the method of population transfer by piecewise adiabatic passage between two quantum states. Coherent excitation of a two-level system with a train of ultrashort laser pulses is shown to reproduce the effect of an adiabatic passage, conventionally achieved with a single frequency-chirped pulse. By properly adjusting the amplitudes and phases of the pulses in the excitation pulse train, we achieve complete and robust population transfer to the target state. The piecewise nature of the process suggests a possibility for the selective population transfer in complex quantum systems.

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