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Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2008 May;29(4):237-44. doi: 10.1002/bdd.607.

Pharmacokinetics of dihydroartemisinin in Artekin tablets for single and repeated dosing in Chinese healthy volunteers.

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Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, PR China.



To study the pharmacokinetics of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) in Artekin (compound dihydroartemisinin) tablets in Chinese healthy volunteers.


Eighteen healthy volunteers (9 males, 9 females) received Artekin tablets for oral administration. The plasma samples of DHA were analysed by liquid-liquid extraction and determined by HPLC/ESI/MS.


The plasma DHA concentration-time curves of single dose and repeated doses of DHA were fitted to a two-compartment open model. The mean pharmacokinetic parameters of DHA in a single dose were: t(1/2(beta))=1.245 +/- 0.495 h, C(max)=243.6 +/- 56.15 microg/l, AUC(0 --> infinity)=450 +/- 69 h x microg/l, V(d)=5.75 +/- 2.2 l/kg and Cl=3.245 +/- 0.38 l/h/kg, while in repeated doses they were: t(1/2(beta))=1.085 +/- 0.298 h, AUC(0 --> infinity)=444.35 +/- 80.43 h x ng/ml, V(d)=4.62 +/- 1.128 ml/kg, Cl=3.0125 +/- 0.875 ml/h/kg, respectively.


The study showed that DHA in Artekin was rapidly absorbed, distributed and eliminated in the healthy subjects. The pharmacokinetic properties of DHA in Artekin were not affected by gender in a single dose. While in repeated doses accumulation of DHA did not appear after repeated doses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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