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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 May;466(5):1041-6. doi: 10.1007/s11999-008-0147-1. Epub 2008 Mar 19.

Genetic background of nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head in the Korean population.

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Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Major thrombophilic mutations have been identified as risk factors for nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in Caucasians. We asked whether the genetic background of patients with ONFH in the Korean population was similar. We analyzed factor V G1691A mutation (factor V Leiden), prothrombin G20210A mutation, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in 71 patients (53 men, 18 women) with ONFH. We classified these patients as 51 alcohol-induced, 18 idiopathic, one steroid-induced, and one dysbaric. We recruited 200 normal control subjects (128 men, 72 women). We used multiplex PCR/restriction fragment length polymorphism for each genotyping. We observed neither factor V Leiden nor prothrombin G20210A mutation. Although methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase A1298C genotypes were not associated with osteonecrosis, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T variant genotypes increased the risk of ONFH compared with 677CC. Odds ratios of 677CT and 677CT+TT were 2.00 (95% confidence interval, 1.05-3.81) and 1.96 (95% confidence interval, 1.07-3.59), respectively, compared with 677CC. Our data suggest methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism plays a role in the pathogenesis of osteonecrosis in the Korean population. It also implies the genetic risk profile of ONFH may differ among ethnic populations.

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