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J Phys Chem A. 2008 Apr 10;112(14):3010-9. doi: 10.1021/jp800077m. Epub 2008 Mar 19.

C-C versus C-H bond activation of alkynes by early second-row transition metal atoms.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.

Abstract

The reactions of Y (a2D), Zr (a3F), Nb (a6D), Mo (a7S), and electronically excited-state Mo* (a5S) with propyne (methylacetylene) and 2-butyne (1,2-dimethylacetylene) were investigated using crossed molecular beams. For all of the metals studied, reactions with propyne led to H2 elimination, forming MC3H2. For Y + propyne, C-C bond cleavage forming YCCH + CH3 also was observed, with an energetic threshold in good agreement with an earlier determination of D0(Y-CCH). For Y + 2-butyne, three reactive channels were observed: YC4H4 + H2, YC3H3 + CH3, and YC3H2 + CH4. The C-C bond cleavage products accounted for 21 and 27% of the total products at Ecoll = 69 and 116 kJ/mol, respectively. For Zr and Nb reactions with 2-butyne, competition between H2 and CH4 elimination was observed, with C-C bond cleavage accounting for 12 and 4% of the total product signal at Ecoll = 71 kJ/mol, respectively. For reactions of Mo and Mo* with 2-butyne, only H2 elimination was observed. The similarity between reactions involving two isomeric species, propyne and allene, suggests that H atom migration is facile in these systems.

PMID:
18348556
DOI:
10.1021/jp800077m

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