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Electrophoresis. 2008 Mar;29(6):1317-24. doi: 10.1002/elps.200700606.

Detection of carbonyl-modified proteins in interfibrillar rat mitochondria using N'-aminooxymethylcarbonylhydrazino-D-biotin as an aldehyde/keto-reactive probe in combination with Western blot analysis and tandem mass spectrometry.

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Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.


There is now a large body of supporting data available that links oxidative modifications of proteins to a large number of diseases, degenerative disorders and aging. However, the detailed analysis of oxidative protein modifications remains challenging. Here, we report a new efficient method for identification of oxidatively modified proteins in complex biological samples which is based on the use of an aldehyde-reactive probe, N'-aminooxymethylcarbonylhydrazino-D-biotin (ARP), in combination with Western-type analyses and MS. The biotinylated hydroxylamine derivative forms a chemically stable oxime derivative with the aldehyde/keto group found in carbonyl-modified proteins. The biotin tag is detected by avidin affinity staining. ARP-positive proteins are subsequently subjected to in-gel trypsinization and MS/MS for protein identification. We demonstrate the usefulness of the method for the analysis of protein extracts obtained from interfibrillar heart mitochondria (IFM) from young and old rats. In this study, we identified as putative major protein targets of oxidative modifications the mitochondrial matrix protein, aconitase, the inner mitochondrial membrane protein, ADP/ATP translocase, and constituents of the electron transport chain complexes IV and V. An age-related increase of carbonyl levels was found for aconitase and ATP synthase.

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