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Community Ment Health J. 2008 Aug;44(4):245-51. doi: 10.1007/s10597-008-9124-0. Epub 2008 Mar 18.

Physical wellness and employment status among adults with serious mental illness.

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VA Capitol Health Care Network, VISN 5, Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.


This study examined whether concurrent medical status contributes to employment outcomes among those with psychiatric disabilities. Thirty-five percent (n = 70) of the 200 participants reported being currently employed. Sixty-three percent (n = 127) reported one or more co-occurring medical conditions; thirty-six percent (n = 71) reported two or more, and twenty-one percent (n = 41) reported three or more co-occurring medical conditions. Individuals with higher self-ratings of physical health functioning were more likely to be employed. Neither the number of co-occurring medical conditions nor any specific medical condition was related to employment status. Recommendations to enhance existing models of supported employment programs with physical health and wellness promotion components are offered.

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