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Transplantation. 2008 Feb 27;85(4):626-35. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e318165491f.

Gene expression patterns in deceased donor kidneys developing delayed graft function after kidney transplantation.

Author information

1
Division of Transplant, Department of Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Delayed graft function (DGF) after kidney transplantation (KTx) ranges between 2% and 50%. The mechanisms leading to DGF deserve special interest because DGF exerts negative influences on long-term outcomes. We studied gene expression profiles in deceased donor kidney (DDK) biopsies with and without DGF.

METHODS:

Gene expression profiling was performed on donor kidney tissues from 33 DDK with the use of microarrays. DDK were classified as grafts with immediate function (non-DGF; n=21) and grafts with DGF (n=12). DGF was defined as a dialysis requirement in the first week after transplantation. Demographic donor and recipient information was collected. The robust-multiarray average method was used to estimate probe set expression summaries. Logistic regression was used to identify genes significantly associated with DGF development.

RESULTS:

Patients were followed for 3 months after KTx. Thirty-eight probe sets (n=36 genes) were univariably differentially expressed in DDK with DGF when compared with DDK with non-DGF (alpha=0.001). Sixty-nine probe sets (n=65 genes) were differentially expressed in DDK with DGF when compared with DDK with non-DGF after adjusting for cold ischemia time (alpha=0.001). Gene ontology terms classified the overexpressed genes in DDK with DGF as principally related to cell cycle/growth (e.g., IGFBP5, CSNK2A2), signal transduction (e.g., RASGRP3), immune response (e.g., CD83, BCL3, MX1), and metabolism (e.g., ENPP4, GBA3). TNFRSF1B was overexpressed in DDK with DGF.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cold ischemia time was a predictor of DGF independently of the preservation method. We identified a set of 36 genes candidates of DGF in DDK, with genes involved in the inflammatory response being the more important.

PMID:
18347543
DOI:
10.1097/TP.0b013e318165491f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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