Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Drug Metab Dispos. 2008 Jun;36(6):1111-8. doi: 10.1124/dmd.107.019901. Epub 2008 Mar 17.

Long-term functional stability of human HepaRG hepatocytes and use for chronic toxicity and genotoxicity studies.

Author information

1
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U620, Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France.

Abstract

The human hepatoma HepaRG cells are able to differentiate in vitro into hepatocyte-like cells and to express various liver-specific functions, including the major cytochromes P450. This study was aimed to determine whether differentiated HepaRG cells retained their specific functional capacities for a long time period at confluence. We show that expression of transcripts encoding CYP1A2, 2B6, 3A4, and 2E1, several phase II and antioxidant enzymes, membrane transporters, including organic cation transporter 1 and bile salt export pump, the nuclear receptors constitutive androstane receptor and pregnane X receptor, and aldolase B remained relatively stable for at least the 4-week confluence period tested. Similarly, activities of CYP3A4 and CYP1A2 and their responsiveness to prototypical inducers were well preserved. Aflatoxin B(1), a potent hepatotoxicant and carcinogen, induced a dose-dependent and cumulative cytotoxicity. Furthermore, at a concentration as low as 0.1 microM, this mycotoxin caused a decrease in both CYP3A4 activity and intracellular ATP associated with morphological alterations, after 14 days following every 2-day exposure. Moreover, using the comet assay, a dose-dependent DNA damage was observed after a 3-h treatment of differentiated HepaRG cells with 1 to 5 microM aflatoxin B(1) in the absence of any cell damage, and this DNA damaging effect was strongly reduced in the presence of ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 inhibitor. These results bring the first demonstration of long-term stable expression of liver-specific markers in HepaRG hepatocyte cultures maintained at confluence and show that these cells represent a suitable in vitro liver cell model for analysis of acute and chronic toxicity as well as genotoxicity of chemicals in human liver.

PMID:
18347083
DOI:
10.1124/dmd.107.019901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center