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Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2008 Jun;102(6):533-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2008.00229.x. Epub 2008 Mar 16.

Antitumoural effect of an L-amino acid oxidase isolated from Bothrops jararaca snake venom.

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1
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil.

Abstract

An L-amino acid oxidase (BjarLAAO-I) from Bothrops jararaca snake venom was highly purified using a stepwise sequential chromatography on Sephadex G-75, Benzamidine Sepharose and Phenyl Sepharose. Purified BjarLAAO-I showed a molecular weight around 60,000 under reducing conditions and about 125,000 in the native form, when analysed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and gel filtration, respectively. BjarLAAO-I is a homodimeric acidic glycoprotein, pI approximately 5.0, and N-terminal sequence showing close structural homology with other snake venom LAAOs. The purified enzyme catalysed the oxidative deamination of L-amino acids, the most specific substrate being L-Phe. Five amino acids, L-Ser, L-Pro, L-Gly, L-Thr and L-Cys were not oxidized, clearly indicating a significant specificity. BjarLAAO-I significantly inhibited Ehrlich ascites tumour growth and induced an influx of polymorphonuclear cells, as well as spontaneous liberation of H(2)O(2) from peritoneal macrophages. Later, BjarLAAO-I induced mononuclear influx and peritoneal macrophage spreading. Animals treated with BjarLAAO-I showed higher survival time.

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