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Nat Immunol. 2008 Apr;9(4):424-31. doi: 10.1038/ni1570. Epub 2008 Mar 16.

Regulation of T cell survival through coronin-1-mediated generation of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate and calcium mobilization after T cell receptor triggering.

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Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 50-70, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland.


T cell homeostasis is essential for the functioning of the vertebrate immune system, but the intracellular signals required for T cell homeostasis are largely unknown. We here report that the WD-repeat protein family member coronin-1, encoded by the gene Coro1a, is essential in the mouse for T cell survival through its promotion of Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular stores. Upon T cell receptor triggering, coronin-1 was essential for the generation of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate from phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate. The absence of coronin-1, although it did not affect T cell development, resulted in a profound defect in Ca2+ mobilization, interleukin-2 production, T cell proliferation and T cell survival. We conclude that coronin-1, through activation of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, is an essential regulator of peripheral lymphocyte survival.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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