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J Nurs Care Qual. 2008 Apr-Jun;23(2):170-6. doi: 10.1097/01.NCQ.0000313767.09891.0a.

Increasing nurses' knowledge and behavior changes in nonpharmacological pain management for children in China.

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Department of Nursing Science, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.


This study implemented pain education for Chinese nurses using a pre-post test design and compared their use of nonpharmacological methods in children's postoperative pain management. Results show that nurses' use of most of these methods for pain relief increased significantly, which helped to improve the quality of care for children. This study enriches nurses' knowledge in children's pain management and develops evidence for practice by demonstrating the need for hospitals to provide continuous pain education to nurses.

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