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Bioorg Med Chem. 2008 Apr 15;16(8):4262-71. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.02.080. Epub 2008 Feb 29.

Synthesis, SAR and in vitro evaluation of new cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp pseudopentapeptides containing a s-cis peptide bond as integrin alphavbeta3 and alphavbeta5 ligands.

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Department of Organic Chemistry Ugo Schiff University of Firenze via della Lastruccia 13, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy.


The solid-phase synthesis of two diastereomeric cyclic pseudopeptides containing the Arg-Gly-Asp sequence and the dipeptide isostere 2-amino-3-oxotetrahydro-1H-pyrrolizine-7a(5H)-carboxylic acid (GPTM) is described. Competition binding assays to purified alphavbeta3 and alphavbeta5 integrins with respect to [125I]echistatin showed a high inhibitory activity for the (2S,7aS)-GPTM derivative. Effects of the structural constraint induced by the two enantiomeric scaffolds (2R,7aR)-GPTM and (2S,7aS)-GPTM on the conformation of Arg-Gly-Asp sequence have been computationally investigated using as a reference the recently solved X-ray structure of cyclo(Arg-Gly-Asp-d-Phe-[N-Me]Val) in complex with the extracellular fragment of the alphavbeta3 receptor. The computational method disclosed the key role played by a bridging water molecule on differentiating the two ligands by a diverse stabilization of the ligand-protein complex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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