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Epilepsy Behav. 2008 Jul;13(1):162-8. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2008.01.012. Epub 2008 Mar 14.

The use of self-generation procedures facilitates verbal memory in individuals with seizure disorders.

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Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0376, USA.


The efficacy of a self-generation encoding procedure in facilitating the encoding and retrieval of verbal memories was compared with the didactic presentation of information in individuals with seizure disorders. Through a within-subject design, 87 patients (25 left temporal seizure onset, 29 right temporal, 8 frontal, and 25 psychogenic nonepileptic seizures) received a self-generation learning condition and a didactic learning condition and were subsequently tested for verbal paired associate free recall, cued recall, and recognition memory. All patient groups benefited from the use of the self-generation condition relative to the didactic condition. Better performance occurred with the self-generation procedure for cued recall and recognition memory test performance, but not free recall. Individuals with a left temporal seizure onset (patients with the poorest memory performance on the didactic condition) benefited the most from the self-generation condition. A memory encoding strategy that actively involves patient participation enhances memory performance.

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