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Blood Rev. 2008 May;22(3):117-26. doi: 10.1016/j.blre.2008.02.001. Epub 2008 Mar 14.

Management of viral hepatitis in hematologic malignancies.

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Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Section of Hepatobiliary Diseases and Liver Transplantation, University of Florida Gainesville, FL 32610-0214, USA.


Viral hepatitis is the third major cause of liver dysfunction in allogeneic transplant recipients and has become a significant concern in patients with hematological malignancies receiving chemotherapy. Thus, identification of patients at risk for viral hepatitis is very important when evaluating and treating hematological malignancies. Serologic screening for all patients should include anti-HCV, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) testing. Current therapies for hepatitis B (HBV) virus infection are aimed at viral suppression, while treatment for hepatitis C (HCV) virus can eradicate infection in many treated patients. To prevent HBV viral reactivation, prophylaxis with nucleoside analogues should be initiated for all HBsAg-positive patients. HCV infection appears to have little impact on short-term survival after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), but eventually can impact long-term survival due to progression of liver disease. In this review we will highlight the mechanisms of virus reactivation, clinical manifestations, and management strategies to minimize acute and chronic morbidity in this population.

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