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Dev Biol. 2008 Apr 15;316(2):441-55. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.02.003. Epub 2008 Feb 15.

Misexpression of MIA disrupts lung morphogenesis and causes neonatal death.

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Division of Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.


Microarray experiments designed to identify genes differentially expressed in the E11.5 lung and trachea showed that melanoma inhibitory activity (Mia1) was expressed only in the lung. Mia1 was abundantly expressed during early lung development, but was virtually absent by the end of gestation. Distal embryonic lung epithelium showed high levels of Mia1 expression, which was suppressed by treatment with either retinoic acid or the FGF signaling antagonist SU5402. Late-gestation fetuses in which lung epithelial hyperplasia was induced by misexpression of FGF7 or FGF10 showed continued expression of Mia1 in areas of aberrant morphogenesis. Mia1 expression was also significantly increased in urethane-induced lung adenomas. Treatment of E18.5 lung explants with exogenous MIA caused significant reductions in the expression of the lung differentiation markers Sftpa, Sftpb, Sftpc, and Abca3. Bitransgenic mice expressing MIA under the control of the SFTPC promoter after E16.5, the age when Mia1 is normally silenced, died from respiratory failure at birth with morphologically immature lungs associated with reduced levels of saturated phosphatidylcholine and mature SP-B. Microarray analysis showed significant reductions in the expression of Sftpa, Sftpb, Abca3, Aqp5, Lzp-s, Scd2, and Aytl2 in lungs misexpressing MIA. These results suggest that the silencing of Mia1 that occurs in late gestation may be required for maturation of the surfactant system.

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