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Stroke. 2008 May;39(5):1514-9. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.501254. Epub 2008 Mar 13.

Racial and ethnic differences in postacute rehabilitation outcomes after stroke in the United States.

Author information

1
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA. kottenba@utmb.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Incidence, prevalence, and mortality for stroke vary by race and ethnicity with higher rates for blacks compared with non-Hispanic whites. Little information is available regarding differences in postacute care outcomes for racial and ethnic groups after a stroke.

METHODS:

A retrospective analysis was conducted of 161,692 patients from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation who received inpatient medical rehabilitation after a first stroke in 2002 and 2003. Multivariable models examined the effects of race and ethnicity on length of stay, functional status, rehabilitation efficiency, and discharge setting.

RESULTS:

The mean age was 70.97 years (SD=12.87), 53% were female, and 76% were non-Hispanic white. Mean length of stay was similar for all groups ranging from 17.39 days (SD=10.86) to 17.93 (SD=10.59). Non-Hispanic white patients had higher admission and discharge functional status ratings compared with patients in the minority groups (P<0.01). Differences in functional status across racial/ethnic groups were related to age (F=20.49, P<0.001); the older the comparison group, the greater the difference in functional status. Non-Hispanic whites were discharged home less often than blacks (OR=0.64, 95% CI=0.62 to 0.66), Hispanics (OR=0.58, 95% CI=0.55 to 0.62), or other minority groups (OR=0.67, 95% CI=0.57 to 0.67).

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings suggest racial and ethnic disparities exist in postacute care outcomes for persons with stroke.

PMID:
18340094
PMCID:
PMC2642622
DOI:
10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.501254
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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