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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2008 Jun;28(6):1193-9. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.107.160150. Epub 2008 Mar 13.

Association of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 activity with familial combined hyperlipidemia.

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1
Department of Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) is the rate-limiting enzyme involved in the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, and in mice SCD1 activity is associated with plasma triglyceride levels. We used the fatty acid desaturation index (the plasma ratio of 18:1/18:0) as a marker of SCD1 activity to investigate the relationship of SCD1 to familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The fatty acid desaturation index was measured in 400 individuals from 18 extended FCHL pedigrees. FCHL-affected individuals exhibited increased SCD1 activity when compared to unrelated controls (P < 0.0001). The fatty acid desaturation index was found to be highly heritable (h(2) = 0.48, P = 2.2 x 10(-11)) in this study sample. QTL analysis in 346 sibling pairs from 18 FCHL families revealed suggestive linkage of the desaturation index to chromosomes 3p26.1 to 3p13 (z = 2.7, P = 0.003), containing the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) gene, and 20p11.21 to 20q13.32 (z = 1.7, P = 0.04), containing the hepatocyte nuclear factor 4, alpha (HNF4alpha) gene. A specific haplotype of HNF4alpha was found to be associated with the desaturation index in these FCHL families (P = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate that the fatty acid desaturation index is a highly heritable trait that is associated with the dyslipidemia observed in FCHL.

PMID:
18340007
PMCID:
PMC2758768
DOI:
10.1161/ATVBAHA.107.160150
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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