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Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2008 Mar;28(2):103-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2008.00550.x.

Nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM) and permanent myopia--is there a link?

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Department of Vision Sciences, SUNY/State College of Optometry, New York, NY 10036, USA.


Myopia is a worldwide public health problem. However, its understanding is incomplete, and many of its preventative and therapeutic aspects remain controversial. Nearwork is a primary, environmentally based factor in the aetiology of permanent myopia (PM), with nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM) being a possible contributory component. A relationship between PM and NITM has been suggested, but that connection has remained somewhat indirect and elusive. However, based on recent converging evidence from clinical, laboratory and modelling studies, a five-fold argument will be advanced for a possible link between PM and NITM.

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