Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2008 Jun;325(3):893-901. doi: 10.1124/jpet.107.135103. Epub 2008 Mar 12.

Synthesis and pharmacological in vitro and in vivo profile of 3-oxo-1,1-diphenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazine-7-carboxylic acid 4-fluoro-benzylamide (SHA 68), a selective antagonist of the neuropeptide S receptor.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697-4625, USA.


Neuropeptide S (NPS) has been shown to modulate arousal, sleep wakefulness, anxiety-like behavior, and feeding after central administration of the peptide agonist to mice or rats. We report here the chemical synthesis and pharmacological characterization of SHA 66 (3-oxo-1,1-diphenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazine-7-carboxylic acid benzylamide) and SHA 68 (3-oxo-1,1-diphenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazine-7-carboxylic acid 4-fluoro-benzylamide), two closely related bicyclic piperazines with antagonistic properties at the NPS receptor (NPSR). The compounds block NPS-induced Ca2+ mobilization, and SHA 68 shows displaceable binding to NPSR in the nanomolar range. The antagonistic activity of SHA 68 seems to be specific because it does not affect signaling at 14 unrelated G protein-coupled receptors. Analysis of pharmacokinetic parameters of SHA 68 demonstrates that the compound reaches pharmacologically relevant levels in plasma and brain after i.p. administration. Furthermore, peripheral administration of SHA 68 in mice (50 mg/kg i.p.) is able to antagonize NPS-induced horizontal and vertical activity as well as stereotypic behavior. Therefore, SHA 68 could be a useful tool to characterize physiological functions and pharmacological parameters of the NPS system in vitro and in vivo.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center