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J Contemp Dent Pract. 2008 Mar 1;9(3):72-80.

Saliva composition and functions: a comprehensive review.

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1
Department of Oral Medicine of School of Dentistry at Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Abstract

AIM:

The aim of this study was to perform a literature review about the composition and functions of saliva as well as describe the factors that influence salivary flow (SF) and its biochemical composition.

BACKGROUND:

Saliva represents an increasingly useful auxiliary means of diagnosis. Sialometry and sialochemistry are used to diagnose systemic illnesses, monitoring general health, and as an indicator of risk for diseases creating a close relation between oral and systemic health.

REVIEW:

This review provides fundamental information about the salivary system in terms of normal values for SF and composition and a comprehensive review of the factors that affect this important system.

CONCLUSION:

Since several factors can influence salivary secretion and composition, a strictly standardized collection must be made so the above-mentioned exams are able to reflect the real functioning of the salivary glands and serve as efficient means for monitoring health.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

Since many oral and systemic conditions manifest themselves as changes in the flow and composition of saliva the dental practitioner is advised to remain up-to-date with the current literature on the subject.

PMID:
18335122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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