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J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2008 Apr;9(4):363-7. doi: 10.2459/JCM.0b013e3282eee836.

Early adenosine receptor activation ameliorates spinal cord reperfusion injury.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. brett.reece@UCHSC.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Adenosine receptor activation at reperfusion has been shown to ameliorate ischemia-reperfusion injury of the spinal cord, but the effects of therapy given in response to ischemic injury are unknown. We hypothesized that adenosine receptor activation with ATL-146e would produce similar protection from ischemic spinal cord injury, whether given at reperfusion or in a delayed fashion.

METHODS:

Twenty-two New Zealand white rabbits were divided into three groups. All three groups, including the ischemia-reperfusion group (IR, n = 8), underwent 45 min of infrarenal aortic occlusion. The early treatment group (early, n = 8) received 0.06 mug/kg/min of ATL-146e for 3 h beginning 10 min prior to reperfusion. The delayed treatment group (delayed, n = 6) received ATL-146e starting 1 h after reperfusion. After 48 h, hind limb function was graded using the Tarlov score. Finally, lumbar spinal cord neuronal cytoarchitecture was evaluated.

RESULTS:

Hemodynamic parameters were similar among the groups. Hind limb function at 48 h was significantly better in the early group (3.5 +/- 1.0) compared to the IR group (0.625 +/- 0.5, P < or = 0.01). There was a trend towards better hind limb function in the early group compared to the delayed group (2.4 +/- 1.1, P = 0.08). Hind limb function was similar between delayed and IR groups. Hematoxylin-eosin spinal cord sections demonstrated preservation of viable motor neurons in the early group compared to the delayed and IR groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early therapy with ATL-146e provided better protection in this study; therefore, therapy should not be delayed until there is evidence of ischemic neurological deficit. This study suggests that adenosine receptor activation is most effective as a preventive strategy at reperfusion for optimal protection in spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury.

PMID:
18334890
PMCID:
PMC2583340
DOI:
10.2459/JCM.0b013e3282eee836
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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