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IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2008 Feb;27(2):188-94. doi: 10.1109/TMI.2007.904662.

Surface Reconstruction for free-space 360 degrees fluorescence molecular tomography and the effects of animal motion.

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  • 1Laboratory for Bio-optics and Molecular Imaging, Center for Molecular Imaging Research, Massachusetts General Hosiptal and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA.


Complete projection (360 degrees ) free-space fluorescence tomography of opaque media is poised to enable 3-D imaging through entire small animals in vivo with improved depth resolution compared to 360 degrees -projection fiber-based systems or limited-view angle systems. This approach can lead to a new generation of Fluorescence Molecular Tomography (FMT) performance since it allows high spatial sampling of photon fields propagating through tissue at any projection, employing nonconstricted animal surfaces. Herein, we employ a volume carving method to capture 3-D surfaces of diffusive objects and register the captured surface in the geometry of an FMT 360 degrees -projection acquisition system to obtain 3-D fluorescence image reconstructions. Using experimental measurements we evaluate the accuracy of the surface capture procedure by reconstructing the surfaces of phantoms of known dimensions. We then employ this methodology to characterize the animal movement of anaesthetized animals. We find that the effects of animal movement on the FMT reconstructed image were within system resolution limits (approximately 0.07 cm).

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