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Rom J Intern Med. 2007;45(3):263-8.

Serological and histological correlations in celiac disease.

Author information

1
14th Medical Clinic, "Iuliu Haţieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. starmure@hotmail.com

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of the serological markers in patients with non-treated celiac disease by determination of antiendomysium and anti-tissue-transglutaminase autoantibodies separately and together. At the same time we examined the correlation between the serum levels of the two antibodies and the severity of the histological lesions.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The research included 26 persons (19 females, 7 males, age range 18-56 years) in whom the small bowel biopsy confirmed the villous atrophy. The sera of these patients were investigated by the determination of antiendomysium antibodies (AEA) and antitissue-transglutaminase antibodies (ATTG). For the morphological disorders we used the Marsh modified criteria. ATTG were determined by a sandwich-ELISA technique and AEA were dosed by indirect immunofluorescence technique.

RESULTS:

6 patients presented with partial villous atrophy (PVA), 7 with subtotal villous atrophy (SVA) and 13 with total villous atrophy (TVA). 23 persons were seropositive, having at least one of the two antibodies tested. The sensitivity of the serological investigation increased at 88% using both AEA and ATTG determinations. In patients with TVA, the sensitivity of ATTG was 100% and of AEA was 92%. In patients with SVA and PVA, the sensitivity of these antibodies was lower. Among the patients with SVA, 43% were negative for AEA and 50% for ATTG. The determination of AEA and ATTG together reduced the seronegativity at 15% in patients with SVA and at 34% in patients with PVA.

CONCLUSIONS:

Antitissue-transglutaminase antibodies testing in patients with non-treated celiac disease is more sensitive than antiendomysium antibodies. The efficiency of the serological diagnosis improves when both AEA and ATTG are determined. Serum antibodies levels correlated very well with the severe histological alterations (TVA), but the correlation is not so good with SVA and PVA. So, we can tell that high levels of AEA and/or ATTG are suggestive for severe histological disorders in celiac disease.

PMID:
18333359
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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