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Oncogene. 2008 Jun 26;27(28):3986-98. doi: 10.1038/onc.2008.45. Epub 2008 Mar 10.

Isosilybin B causes androgen receptor degradation in human prostate carcinoma cells via PI3K-Akt-Mdm2-mediated pathway.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO 80262, USA.


The identification and development of novel nontoxic phytochemicals that target androgen and androgen receptor (AR) signaling remains a priority for prostate cancer (PCA) control. In the present study, we assessed the antiandrogenic efficacy of isosilybin B employing human PCA LNCaP (mutated AR), 22Rv1 (mutated AR) and LAPC4 (wild-type AR) cells. Isosilybin B (10-90 microM) treatment decreased the AR and prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels in LNCaP, 22Rv1 and LAPC4 cells, but not in non-neoplastic human prostate epithelial PWR-1E cells. Isosilybin B treatment also inhibited synthetic androgen R1881-induced nuclear localization of AR, PSA expression and cell growth, and caused G(1) arrest. In mechanistic studies identifying AR degradation, isosilybin B caused increased phosphorylation of Akt (Ser-473 and Thr-308) and Mdm2 (Ser-166), which was linked with AR degradation as pretreatment with PI3K inhibitor (LY294002)-restored AR level. Further, overexpression of kinase-dead Akt largely reversed isosilybin B mediated-AR degradation suggesting a critical role of Akt in AR degradation. Antibody pull-down results also indicated that isosilybin B treatment enhances the formation of complex between Akt, Mdm2 and AR, which promotes phosphorylation-dependent AR ubiquitination and its degradation by proteasome. Together, present findings identify a novel mechanism for isosilybin B-mediated anticancer effects in human PCA cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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