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J Occup Environ Med. 2008 Mar;50(3):350-8. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181617324.

Ethnic disparities in traumatic occupational injury.

Author information

  • 1Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. lfriedman@tspri.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Workers of different ethnicities differ in patterns of employment and occupational risks. We use the Illinois Trauma Registry to evaluate ethnic disparities among the occupational traumatic injuries occurring in the State of Illinois between 1997 and 2003.

METHODS:

We analyze incidence, severity, cause and place of injury, disability and in-hospital mortality.

RESULTS:

The incidence rates of traumatic injuries among Hispanics were more than two times higher than whites, however, the risk of severe injury (Injury Severity Score >or=16) was more than 50% lower. Among African-American workers, the incidence and severity of traumatic injuries were lower than whites. Machinery was the primary external cause of injury among Hispanics. blacks were disproportionately injured in road accidents and homicides/assaults.

CONCLUSION:

There are substantial racial/ethnic differences in incidence, severity and outcome of work-related traumatic injuries treated in level I and II trauma centers in Illinois.

PMID:
18332785
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181617324
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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