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Arch Neurol. 2008 Mar;65(3):387-92. doi: 10.1001/archneur.65.3.387.

Long-term follow-up of Taiwanese Chinese patients treated early for 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency.

Author information

1
Insitute of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To report the long-term results of early initiation of treatment of 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS) deficiency.

DESIGN:

Between 1988 and 2000, 12 newborns with PTPS deficiency who underwent early treatment at our hospital were identified. All patients received tetrahydrobiopterin replacement in a daily dosage between approximately 2 and 4 mg/kg. The dosages of levodopa replacement were 10 to 15 mg/kg/d, which is considerably higher than the typically recommended dosages of less than 7 mg/kg/d for patients aged younger than 2 years and 8 to 10 mg/kg/d for patients aged 2 years or older. Replacement with 5-hydroxytryptophan varied widely among patients.

SETTING:

Taipei Veterans General Hospital. Patients Twelve newborns.

INTERVENTIONS:

Treatment with tetrahydrobiopterin, levodopa, and 5-hydroxytryptophan. Main Outcome Measure IQ score.

RESULTS:

The mean (SD) IQ score of our PTPS-deficient patients was 96.7 (9.7; range 86-119), which is considerably higher than previous reports of other populations of PTPS-deficient patients. All patients reached a normal IQ on high daily dosages of levodopa replacement, without developing apparent long-term levodopa-induced adverse effects. We also observed a correlation between long-term IQ score and genotype, birth weight, and age at initiation of treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

An effective newborn screening referral program and early initiation of appropriate therapy preserved the IQ scores of PTPS-deficient patients.

PMID:
18332253
DOI:
10.1001/archneur.65.3.387
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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