Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 1991 Nov;10(11):3311-9.

cdc2 phosphorylation is required for its interaction with cyclin.

Author information

Differentiation Program, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, FRG.


Activation of the cdc2 protein kinase at different stages of the cell cycle is regulated by post-translational modifications and interactions with cyclins. We show that in vitro translated human cdc2 binds very poorly to A and B cyclins, unless it has been preincubated with a Xenopus egg extract. This results in the phosphorylation of cdc2 which allows binding to cyclins. The replacement of Thr161, a residue conserved and phosphorylated in other protein kinases, with valine inhibits cdc2 association with A and B cyclins. In addition, mutations in the amino-terminus of cdc2 and within the conserved 'PSTAIR' region strongly inhibit binding. The Thr161Val mutation causes a lethal phenotype in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, while replacement of Thr161 with glutamic acid, potentially mimicking phosphorylation, causes uncoordination of mitosis and multiple cytokinesis. These results suggest that a threonine phosphorylation/dephosphorylation cycle is involved in regulating cdc2 function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center