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Neuropediatrics. 2007 Oct;38(5):239-43. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1062715.

Pediatric Scoliosis Surgery - the association between preoperative risk factors and postoperative complications with emphasis on cerebral palsy children.

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Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel.


Scoliosis repair surgery is a common procedure. Our study's first goal was to compare pre- and postoperative parameters between the cerebral palsy (CP) and idiopathic scoliosis (IS) children. The second goal was to establish possible associations between preoperative parameters that could predict the outcome of spinal surgery and the incidence of early postoperative complications. A retrospective record review of all children who underwent scoliosis operative surgery between 1998 and 2007 was conducted. Of the 141 children included, 21 were CP and 120 were IS. The CP children attended surgery with significantly lower weight and pulmonary reserves and had larger curves and fusions compared to the IS children. CP children had a significantly higher rate of major complications, especially pulmonary and neurological, and a higher rate of delayed extubations. In addition, young age at surgery and posterior spinal fusion correlated with a more favorable immediate postoperative prognosis among the IS population. CP children attended surgery in worse physical condition and in turn had a poorer immediate and short-term postoperative prognosis than IS children. Young age at surgery and posterior fusions revealed protective characteristics among the IS population.

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