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Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2008 Apr;34(2):260-73. doi: 10.1007/s12016-007-8036-z.

A review of non-cystic fibrosis pediatric bronchiectasis.

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Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California at Davis School of Medicine, 451 E. Health Sciences Dr., Suite 6510, Davis, CA 95616, USA.


With the implementation of vaccination programs and the use of antibiotics, developed countries have seen a decline in infection-related pediatric bronchiectasis. However, significant morbidity from bronchiectasis is still seen and both infectious and noninfectious causes of bronchiectasis in the pediatric population remain. A review of the literature will be presented including causes of pediatric bronchiectasis, clinical symptoms and signs, laboratory evaluation and imaging, as well as treatment options. This review stresses the importance of early evaluation and treatment in children with recurrent cough, sinusitis, potential foreign-body aspiration, or gastroesophageal reflux to prevent the complications of ongoing respiratory disease and bronchiectasis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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