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Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2008 Apr;34(2):205-16. doi: 10.1007/s12016-007-8035-0.

Exercise-induced bronchospasm in children.

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  • 1Center for Allergy, Asthma, Immunology, 1389 West Main Street, Suite 205, Waterbury, CT 06708, USA. ccrandmd@aol.com

Abstract

This review will encompass definition, history, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of exercise -induced bronchospasm in the pediatric individual with and without known asthma. Exercise induced asthma is the conventional term for transient airway narrowing in a known asthma in association with strenuous exercise usually lasting 5-10 minutes with a decline in pulmonary function by at least 10%. Exercise induced asthma will be referred to as exercise induced bronchospasm in an asthmatic. Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB ) is the same phenomenon in an individual without known asthma. EIB can be seen in healthy individuals including children as well as defense recruits and competitive or elite athletes. The diagnosis with objective exercise challenge methods in conjunction with history is delineated. Management is characterized with pharmacotherapy and non pharmacotherapeutic measures for underlying asthma as well as exercise induced bronchospasm and inhalant allergy. Children can successfully participate in all sports if asthma is properly managed.

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