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Accid Anal Prev. 2008 Mar;40(2):697-703. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2007.09.007. Epub 2007 Oct 2.

Risk perception of driving as a function of advanced training aimed at recognizing and handling risks in demanding driving situations.

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The Phoenix Road Safety Studies, The Interdisciplinary Department of Social Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel.


The present study examined in 224 individuals whether an advanced driving training aimed at recognizing, avoiding and handling risks in demanding driving situations, affected perceived risk of driving situations (measured by a questionnaire). The training, which involved both experience and feedback on real performance, specifically intended to emphasize the dangers in loss of control of a vehicle. With that emphasis, it was hypothesized that perceived risk would increase after as compared to before the training. In addition, this study examined whether risk perception was dependent on gender or on age. A mixed ANOVA performed on mean scores on the questionnaire yielded significant main effects for training (before/after), gender, and age. Higher levels of perceived risk were reported after the training as compared to before it, by females than by males, and by older adult drivers than by younger adult drivers. An analysis of the data of a smaller sample showed that the increment in perceived risk was still present 2 months after the training, and that it did not decrease significantly as compared to immediately after the training. These results are discussed in relation to relevant methodological issues and future research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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