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Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2008 Apr;11(2):129-34. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2008.01.005. Epub 2008 Mar 7.

When population genetics serves genomics: putting adaptation back in a spatial and historical context.

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Laboratoire de Génétique et Evolution des Populations Végétales, UMR CNRS 8016, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille - Lille1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France.


Recent advances in molecular biology have opened new perspectives for the study of plant adaptation, especially at the intraspecific level. Nowadays, scientists employing -omic results in multiple scientific fields can be optimistic of their chances of revealing mechanisms involved in adaptive population divergence. However, the investment required by integrative studies greatly reduces the number of experiments that can be performed. In this context, a comprehensive choice of accessions under study is crucial. We maintain this choice could be appreciably enlightened by population genetics because it helps putting adaptive population divergence in a spatial and historical context. As an example, we highlight the usefulness of knowledge about population genetic structure in the integrative study of metal tolerance in Arabidopsis halleri.

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