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Dev Biol. 2008 Apr 15;316(2):487-97. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.01.040. Epub 2008 Feb 13.

Drosophila dLMO-PA isoform acts as an early activator of achaete/scute proneural expression.

Author information

1
Department of Developmental Biology, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, 67404 Illkirch, France.

Abstract

The Drosophila bHLH proneural factors Achaete (Ac) and Scute (Sc) are expressed in clusters of cells (proneural clusters), providing the cells with the potential to develop a neural fate. Mediodorsal proneural patterning is mediated through the GATA transcription factor Pannier (Pnr) that activates ac/sc directly through binding to the dorsocentral (DC) enhancer of ac/sc. Besides, the Gfi transcription factor Senseless (Sens), a target of Ac/Sc, synergizes with ac/sc in the presumptive sensory organ precursors (SOPs). Here we investigate, through new genetic tools, the function of dLMO, the Drosophila LIM only transcription factor that was already known to control wing development. We show that dLMO gene encodes two isoforms, dLMO-RA and dLMO-RB. dLMO null and dLMO-RA(-) deletions have similar phenotypes, lacking thoracic and wing margin sensory organs (SO), while dLMO-RB(-) deletion has normal SOs. At early stages, dLMO-RA is expressed in proneural clusters, however later it is excluded from the SOPs. We found that dLMO functions as a Pnr coactivator to promote ac/sc expression. In the late SOPs, where dLMO-PA is not expressed, Pnr participates to the Sens-dependent regulation of ac/sc. Taken together these results suggest that dLMO-PA is the major isoform that is required for early activation of ac/sc expression.

PMID:
18329012
DOI:
10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.01.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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