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Am J Cardiol. 2008 Mar 15;101(6):801-6. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.10.052. Epub 2008 Jan 18.

Effectiveness of drug-eluting stent implantation for patients with unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis.

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1
Columbia University Medical Center and the Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New York, USA.

Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate outcomes of patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis who were treated with drug-eluting stents. Sixty-three consecutive patients with unprotected LMCA stenosis were treated with sirolimus-eluting stents in 52 (83%) patients and paclitaxel-eluting stents in 11 (17%) patients, in whom percutaneous intervention was considered the sole alternative because of high surgical risk and/or patient preference. Urgent percutaneous coronary intervention within 24 hours after angiography was performed in 6 (10%) patients. The patients were predominantly at high surgical risk with 35 (56%) having EuroSCORE >6 and 39 (62%) having Parsonnet score >15. Involvement of the distal LMCA was observed in 46 (73%) patients. Procedural success was achieved in all patients. Intravascular ultrasound was used in 51 (81%) patients. Single-stenting strategy was adopted in 36 (78%) patients with bifurcation stenosis. There were no death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, or urgent repeat revascularization events during hospitalization. Over a mean follow-up of 11.7 +/- 7.7 months, 18 (29%) patients experienced major adverse cardiac events, including 3 (5%) deaths, 7 (11%) myocardial infarctions, and 10 (16%) target lesion revascularizations. Stent thrombosis developed in 1 (0.6%) patient at 35 days after the procedure. Bifurcation involvement was an independent predictor of major adverse cardiac events by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 12.90, 95% confidence interval 1.36 to 122.45, p = 0.0259). In conclusion, drug-eluting stent placement for unprotected LMCA stenosis may be a feasible therapeutic alternative in patients at high surgical risk. However, bifurcation stenosis remains a significant predictor of unfavorable clinical outcome.

PMID:
18328844
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.10.052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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