Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Immunity. 2008 Mar;28(3):425-35. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2008.02.001. Epub 2008 Mar 6.

Locally produced complement fragments C5a and C3a provide both costimulatory and survival signals to naive CD4+ T cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.


Costimulatory signals are critical to T cell activation, but how their effects are mediated remains incompletely characterized. Here, we demonstrate that locally produced C5a and C3a anaphylatoxins interacting with their G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), C5aR and C3aR, on APCs and T cells both upstream and downstream of CD28 and CD40L signaling are integrally involved in T cell proliferation and differentiation. Disabling these interactions reduced MHC class II and costimulatory-molecule expression and dramatically diminished T cell responses. Importantly, impaired T cell activation by Cd80-/-Cd86-/- and Cd40-/- APCs was reconstituted by added C5a or C3a. C5aR and C3aR mediated their effects via PI-3 kinase-gamma-dependent AKT phosphorylation, providing a link between GPCR signaling, CD28 costimulation, and T cell survival. These local paracrine and autocrine interactions thus operate constitutively in naive T cells to maintain viability, and their amplification by cognate APC partners thus is critical to T cell costimulation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center