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Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2008 Apr;15(4):364-72. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.1397. Epub 2008 Mar 9.

ATAC is a double histone acetyltransferase complex that stimulates nucleosome sliding.

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Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 1000 East 50th Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, USA.


The Ada2a-containing (ATAC) complex is an essential Drosophila melanogaster histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex that contains the transcriptional cofactors Gcn5 (KAT2), Ada3, Ada2a, Atac1 and Hcf. We have analyzed the complex by MudPIT (multidimensional protein identification technology) and found eight previously unidentified subunits. These include the WD40 repeat protein WDS, the PHD and HAT domain protein CG10414 (herein renamed Atac2/KAT14), the YEATS family member D12, the histone fold proteins CHRAC14 and NC2beta, CG30390, CG32343 (Atac3) and CG10238. The presence of CG10414 (Atac2) suggests that it acts as a second acetyltransferase enzyme in ATAC in addition to Gcn5. Indeed, recombinant Atac2 displays HAT activity in vitro with a preference for acetylating histone H4, and mutation of Atac2 abrogated H4 lysine 16 acetylation in D. melanogaster embryos. Furthermore, although ATAC does not show nucleosome-remodeling activity itself, it stimulates nucleosome sliding by the ISWI, SWI-SNF and RSC complexes.

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