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Exp Cell Res. 1991 Oct;196(2):255-63.

Actin-binding proteins involved in the capping of epidermal growth factor receptors in A431 cells.

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Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Department of Cell Biology, Warsaw, Poland.


A capping process of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGF-Rs) was used for the study of the relation between the receptors and the actin-binding proteins (spectrin, vinculin, annexin I) that may be involved in EGF-R-cytoskeleton interaction. In intact, adherent A431 cells, EGF-Rs were diffusively distributed on the cell surface. Spectrin, vinculin, and annexin I were located beneath the plasma membrane. An abundance of EGF-Rs as well as submembrane proteins was observed in regions of membrane ruffles and cell-cell contacts. Annexin I was localized also in cytoplasm being attached to filamentous structures surrounding the nucleus and extending to the cell periphery. Under polyvalent ligand treatment, EGF-Rs of adherent cells were aggregated on one side of the cell. Spectrin, vinculin, and annexin I dislocated together with EGF-Rs and were concentrated under plasma membrane at regions where cap formation took place. In suspended A431 cells only spectrin was located under the plasma membrane whereas annexin I and vinculin were diffusively distributed through the cells. During cap formation only spectrin was colocalized with EGF-Rs. The results confirmed the major role of spectrin as a receptor-microfilament linking protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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